Chronic kidney disease may be a strong risk factor for cardiac arrest in Hispanic and Latino adults, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Out‐of‐hospital sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is a leading cause of mortality. There have been no studies to date that have looked at the specific risk factors for SCA among Hispanic or Latino people in the United States.
“The death rate for sudden cardiac arrest is more than 90%, making prediction and prevention of this condition a top priority,” Dr. Kyndaron Reinier, the study’s lead author, said in a news release.
For this study, Dr. Reinier and colleagues compared a group of 295 Hispanic adults who had cardiac arrest between February 2015 and January 2021 to a group of 590 Hispanic adults who had not experienced one. The first group came from a study of cardiac arrest survivors in Ventura County, California. The second group came from a Hispanic Community Health Survey/Study of Latinos in the United States.
The study found that CKD is a strong predictor of SCA risk. In the study, 51% of the adults who had cardiac arrest had a previous diagnosis of CKD, and 20% had end-stage kidney disease that required dialysis.
When the researchers examined the odds of each group having certain medical conditions, they found that the adults who had experienced cardiac arrest were 7.3 times more likely to have chronic kidney disease than the control group. They also found that the odds of having CKD were 4.5 times more for heavy drinkers, 4 times more for those with atrial fibrillation, 3 times more for people with coronary heart disease or a history of stroke, 2.5 times more for those with heart failure, and 1.5 times more for those with type 2 diabetes.
“Early identification and management of kidney disease may be an effective strategy to reduce SCA risk among Hispanic or Latino individuals,” the researchers wrote.
Source: AHA news